White Campion - White Wildflowers
When seen close up these lovely white wild flowers the white campion are just stunning.
They can be seen in flower during the summer months and are to be seen often on wasteland, verges, or by hedges, and in the fields
These wildflowers are native to THe Western Isles and Scotland.
Other common names used for this flower include evening lychnis and white cockle.
Silene alba is the British sub species of Silene latifolia. This plant is an annual or biennial or short lived perennial - to be seen along the verges, hedgerows, fields, roadsides and arable farmland. Its flowers being about 1ins across in diameter.
Here in The Western Isles we get several campions, which are members of the carnation family. We get white campions, sea campions, moss campions, red campions and there is a plant which is very similar and closely related, the ragged robin.
It was believed that if you picked this flower your mother would die.
White Campion - Scented
The white campion is slightly scented - unlike the red campion. These lovely flowers appear from May to September. The Calyx is much darker and less inflated than that of the sea campion.
The stems are soft and hairy. The seed pod is a capsule inside the calyx. White Campion has white flowers with five petals, each deeply notched and almost divided into two; its oval leaves and stems are hairy.
The root has been used to produce a soap substitute for washing clothes, by simmering it in water.
Pink Flowers - Hybridisation
Sea Campion or Bladder Campion?
The Calyx on the white campion is much darker and less inflated than Bladder Campion. The Calyx on the White Campion is ovoid and becomes swollen when in fruit.
The calyx on the white campion does not have the same markings and patterns as that of the Sea Campion.
White campion grows to a height of between 30 - 100cm. It is usually a perennial, however sometimes it is either biennial or even annual
There are many common names, such as Cow-rattle, cockle, cuckoo flower, thunder-flower, white bachelors button, white robin,evening lychnis
White Campion Seeds
Seeds start to become viable 2-3 weeks after flowering. The seeds ripen and the capsule opens 4-5 weeks later.
Each seed capsule contains between 48 and 359 seeds. There are 5,000 to 15,000 seeds per plant.
|Inches and cm sizes are approximate|